Symbol grounding problem

@article{Harnad2007SymbolGP,
  title={Symbol grounding problem},
  author={Stevan Harnad},
  journal={Scholarpedia},
  year={2007},
  volume={2},
  pages={2373}
}
  • S. Harnad
  • Published 1 June 1990
  • Psychology
  • Scholarpedia

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Realist and Cognitive Perspectives on Meaning and Semantics

The article presents central paradigms on semantics and meaning. The aim is to introduce the reader of cultural studies to various aspects of modeling meaning and to provide a useful theoretical and

An Epistemological Approach to the Symbol Grounding Problem - The Difference Between Perception and Demonstrative Knowledge and Two Ways of Being Meaningful

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A formal approach towards solving Harnad’s “Symbol Grounding Problem” (SGP) through epistemological analogy is proposed, which shows why the latter may constitute a model for facing the SGP.

Categorization and symbol grounding in a complex environment

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Here it is shown how the combination of the modeling field theory and the Akaike information criterion can be used to find the true number of objects in an environment.
...

References

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No Easy Way Out

TLDR
Five books (by Damasio, Edelman/Tononi, McGinn, Tomasello and Fodor) are reviewed in this context.

Symbol Grounding and Meaning: A Comparison of High-Dimensional and Embodied Theories of Meaning

Latent Semantic Analysis (Landauer & Dumais, 1997) and Hyperspace Analogue to Language (Burgess & Lund, 1997) model meaning as the relations among abstract symbols that are arbitrarily related to

What's Wrong and Right About Searle's Chinese Room Argument?

Searle's Chinese Room Argument showed a fatal flaw in computationalism (the idea that mental states are just computational states) and helped usher in the era of situated robotics and symbol

Grounding symbols into perceptions

  • A. Grumbach
  • Philosophy
    Artificial Intelligence Review
  • 2004
TLDR
This paper deals with symbol formation, from a cognitive point of view, through a connectionist model, through the metaphor of learning to play tennis.

Symbol Grounding and Transcendental Logic

  • E. Prem
  • Philosophy
    ICLP Workshop: Logic and Reasoning with Neural Networks
  • 1994
TLDR
This paper presents the view that Symbol Grounding is in fact a con-nectionist version of transcendental logic, which is the basis for generating formal models of non-formal domains and argues that such formalizations are inherently logical.

Connectionism and cognitive architecture: A critical analysis

Methodological solipsism considered as a research strategy in cognitive psychology

  • J. Fodor
  • Psychology, Philosophy
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1980
Abstract The paper explores the distinction between two doctrines, both of which inform theory construction in much of modern cognitive psychology: the representational theory of mind and the

Symbol Grounding Problem

TLDR
The Physical Symbol Systems Hypothesis (PSSH) sets equivalence between symbol systems and intelligent action, in such a way that every intelligent action would be originated in a symbol system and every symbol system is capable of intelligent action.

Physical Symbol Systems

TLDR
In this paper, the nature of physical symbol systems is laid out in ways familiar, but not thereby useless, to review the basis of common understanding between the various disciplines.

Acquisition of manipulative grounded symbols for integration of symbolic processing and stimulus-reaction type parallel processing

TLDR
A framework for integration of symbol processing and stimulus-reaction type processing from the viewpoint of solving the symbol grounding problem is presented and acquisition of manipulative grounded symbols with the proposed framework is demonstrated.
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