Symbol grounding problem

  title={Symbol grounding problem},
  author={Stevan Harnad},
  • S. Harnad
  • Published 1 June 1990
  • Psychology
  • Scholarpedia

Conceptual Inversion and the Symbol Grounding Problem

The paper explores the symbol grounding problem endemic to computational theories of mind. I argue that the intransigence of the problem indicates a basic incompatibility among the set of assumptions

Spatializing Symbolic Structures for the Gap

The function of the mind consists of two different types, namely, System 1 and System 2, and the basic function of System 1 (fast thinking) is associative activation.

The Embodiment of Meaning

One of the many puzzles philosophy is dealing with is how meaning comes about. An increasing number of investigations in cognitive science indicate that the body plays a central role in grounding the

How and Why the Brain Lays the Foundations for a Conscious Self

Purpose: Constructivism postulates that the perceived reality is a complex construct formed during development. Depending on the particular school, these inner constructs take on different forms …

Semiotic symbols and the missing theory of thinking

This paper compares the nascent theory of the ‘semiotic symbol’ in cognitive science with its computational relative. It finds that the semiotic symbol as it is understood in recent practical and

Symbol Grounding in Computational Systems: A Paradox of Intentions

The paper presents a paradoxical feature of computational systems that suggests that computationalism cannot explain symbol grounding, and whether computing in the mind is over meaningless or over meaningful symbols, computationalism implies semantic nativism.

Abandoning the code metaphor is compatible with semiotic process

It is argued that joining the insights from the dynamical systems approach with the semiotic framework of C. S. Peirce can provide a fruitful perspective in constructing an alternative to the coding metaphor.

Realist and Cognitive Perspectives on Meaning and Semantics

The article presents central paradigms on semantics and meaning. The aim is to introduce the reader of cultural studies to various aspects of modeling meaning and to provide a useful theoretical and

An Epistemological Approach to the Symbol Grounding Problem - The Difference Between Perception and Demonstrative Knowledge and Two Ways of Being Meaningful

A formal approach towards solving Harnad’s “Symbol Grounding Problem” (SGP) through epistemological analogy is proposed, which shows why the latter may constitute a model for facing the SGP.

Categorization and symbol grounding in a complex environment

Here it is shown how the combination of the modeling field theory and the Akaike information criterion can be used to find the true number of objects in an environment.



No Easy Way Out

Five books (by Damasio, Edelman/Tononi, McGinn, Tomasello and Fodor) are reviewed in this context.

Symbol Grounding and Meaning: A Comparison of High-Dimensional and Embodied Theories of Meaning

Latent Semantic Analysis (Landauer & Dumais, 1997) and Hyperspace Analogue to Language (Burgess & Lund, 1997) model meaning as the relations among abstract symbols that are arbitrarily related to

What's Wrong and Right About Searle's Chinese Room Argument?

Searle's Chinese Room Argument showed a fatal flaw in computationalism (the idea that mental states are just computational states) and helped usher in the era of situated robotics and symbol

Grounding symbols into perceptions

  • A. Grumbach
  • Philosophy
    Artificial Intelligence Review
  • 2004
This paper deals with symbol formation, from a cognitive point of view, through a connectionist model, through the metaphor of learning to play tennis.

Symbol Grounding and Transcendental Logic

  • E. Prem
  • Philosophy
    ICLP Workshop: Logic and Reasoning with Neural Networks
  • 1994
This paper presents the view that Symbol Grounding is in fact a con-nectionist version of transcendental logic, which is the basis for generating formal models of non-formal domains and argues that such formalizations are inherently logical.

Connectionism and cognitive architecture: A critical analysis

Methodological solipsism considered as a research strategy in cognitive psychology

  • J. Fodor
  • Psychology, Philosophy
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1980
Abstract The paper explores the distinction between two doctrines, both of which inform theory construction in much of modern cognitive psychology: the representational theory of mind and the

Symbol Grounding Problem

The Physical Symbol Systems Hypothesis (PSSH) sets equivalence between symbol systems and intelligent action, in such a way that every intelligent action would be originated in a symbol system and every symbol system is capable of intelligent action.

Physical Symbol Systems

In this paper, the nature of physical symbol systems is laid out in ways familiar, but not thereby useless, to review the basis of common understanding between the various disciplines.

Acquisition of manipulative grounded symbols for integration of symbolic processing and stimulus-reaction type parallel processing

A framework for integration of symbol processing and stimulus-reaction type processing from the viewpoint of solving the symbol grounding problem is presented and acquisition of manipulative grounded symbols with the proposed framework is demonstrated.