Symbol grounding problem

  title={Symbol grounding problem},
  author={Stevan Harnad},
  • S. Harnad
  • Published 1 June 1990
  • Psychology
  • Scholarpedia
Conceptual Inversion and the Symbol Grounding Problem
The paper explores the symbol grounding problem endemic to computational theories of mind. I argue that the intransigence of the problem indicates a basic incompatibility among the set of assumptions
Spatializing Symbolic Structures for the Gap
The function of the mind consists of two different types, namely, System 1 and System 2, and the basic function of System 1 (fast thinking) is associative activation.
An Epistemological Approach to the Symbol Grounding Problem - The Difference Between Perception and Demonstrative Knowledge and Two Ways of Being Meaningful
A formal approach towards solving Harnad’s “Symbol Grounding Problem” (SGP) through epistemological analogy is proposed, which shows why the latter may constitute a model for facing the SGP.
Categorization and symbol grounding in a complex environment
Here it is shown how the combination of the modeling field theory and the Akaike information criterion can be used to find the true number of objects in an environment.
LOT, CTM, and the Elephant in the Room
A deep problem at the heart of the LOT/CTM program—it has yet to provide a plausible conception of a mental symbol is explored.
The Basis of Epistemology: How the Mind Understands and Develops Meaning
The neurophysiological mechanism of meaning is explained as being essentially the same as that of consciousness. While consciousness and meaning are not the same semantically, at the physiological
Contextual emergence of mental states
The concept of contextual emergence has been proposed as a non-reductive, yet well-defined relation between different levels of description of physical and other systems. It yields a formally sound
Enactive Cognitive Science : Part 1, Background and Research Themes
Enactive cognitive science is an approach to the study of mind that seeks to explain how the structures and mechanisms of autonomous cognitive systems can arise and participate in the generation an
Making sense of words through the eyes of a child: a computational framework for the acquisition of word meanings
vii Acronyms and Abbreviations ix


What's Wrong and Right About Searle's Chinese Room Argument?
Searle's Chinese Room Argument showed a fatal flaw in computationalism (the idea that mental states are just computational states) and helped usher in the era of situated robotics and symbol
Symbol grounding: A new look at an old idea
This paper takes a detailed look at symbol groundedness with a new perspective, aided by the work of computational cognitive model development, and goes back in time to link up with earlier philosophical theories related to this issue.
Connectionism and cognitive architecture: A critical analysis
Methodological solipsism considered as a research strategy in cognitive psychology
  • J. Fodor
  • Psychology, Philosophy
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1980
Abstract The paper explores the distinction between two doctrines, both of which inform theory construction in much of modern cognitive psychology: the representational theory of mind and the
Symbol Grounding Problem
The Physical Symbol Systems Hypothesis (PSSH) sets equivalence between symbol systems and intelligent action, in such a way that every intelligent action would be originated in a symbol system and every symbol system is capable of intelligent action.
Computation and cognition: issues in the foundations of cognitive science
Abstract The computational view of mind rests on certain intuitions regarding the fundamental similarity between computation and cognition. We examine some of these intuitions and suggest that they
Acquisition of manipulative grounded symbols for integration of symbolic processing and stimulus-reaction type parallel processing
A framework for integration of symbol processing and stimulus-reaction type processing from the viewpoint of solving the symbol grounding problem is presented and acquisition of manipulative grounded symbols with the proposed framework is demonstrated.
Computation and cognition
  • C. Wallis
  • Philosophy
    J. Exp. Theor. Artif. Intell.
  • 2003
This paper looks at three theories regarding the exact nature of cognitive state transitions and argues that properly understood, all the types of arguments in the literature support dynamic computationalism.
Précis of The Modularity of Mind
  • J. Fodor
  • Psychology, Philosophy
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1985
Abstract The Modularity of Mind proposes an alternative to the “New Look” or “interaetionist” view of cognitive architecture that has dominated several decades of cognitive science. Whereas
On the proper treatment of connectionism
Abstract A set of hypotheses is formulated for a connectionist approach to cognitive modeling. These hypotheses are shown to be incompatible with the hypotheses underlying traditional cognitive