Symbiophagy as a cellular mechanism for coral bleaching.

  title={Symbiophagy as a cellular mechanism for coral bleaching.},
  author={Craig A. Downs and Esti Kramarsky-winter and Jon Martinez and Ariel Kushmaro and Cheryl M. Woodley and Yossi Loya and Gary K. Ostrander},
  volume={5 2},
Coral bleaching is a major contributor to the global declines of coral reefs. This phenomenon is characterized by the loss of symbiotic algae, their pigments or both. Despite wide scientific interest, the mechanisms by which bleaching occurs are still poorly understood. Here we report that the removal of the symbiont during light and temperature stress is achieved using the host's cellular autophagic-associated machinery. Host cellular and subcellular morphologies showed increased vacuolization… CONTINUE READING

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