Molecular characterization and expression of Na+/K+-ATPase α1 isoforms in the European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax osmoregulatory tissues following salinity transfer
We identified and investigated the changes in expression of two gill Na(+), K(+)-ATPase α-subunit isoforms (α-1a and α-1b) in relationship with salinity acclimation in a cichlid fish, Mozambique tilapia. Transfer of freshwater (FW)-acclimated fish to seawater (SW) resulted in a marked reduction in α-1a expression within 24 h and a significant increase in α-1b expression with maximum levels attained 7 days after the transfer. In contrast, transfer of SW-acclimated fish to FW induced a marked increase in α-1a expression within 2 days, while α-1b expression decreased significantly after 14 days. Hypophysectomy resulted in a virtual shutdown of α-1a mRNA expression in both FW- and SW-acclimated fish, whereas no significant effect was observed in α-1b expression. Replacement therapy by ovine prolactin (oPrl) fully restored α-1a expression in FW-acclimated fish, while cortisol had a modest, but significant, stimulatory effect on α-1a expression. In hypophysectomized fish in SW, replacement therapy with oPrl alone or in combination with cortisol resulted in a marked increase in α-1a mRNA to levels far exceeding those observed in sham-operated fish. Expression of α-1b mRNA was unaffected by hormone treatment either in FW-acclimated fish or in SW-acclimated fish. The mRNA expression of fxyd-11, a regulatory Na(+), K(+)-ATPase subunit, was transiently enhanced during both FW and SW acclimation. In hypophysectomized fish in FW, oPrl and cortisol stimulated fxyd-11 expression in a synergistic manner. The clear Prl dependence of gill α-1a expression may partially explain the importance of this hormone to hyperosmoregulation in this species.