• Corpus ID: 80959502

Swiss antibiotic resistance report 2018. Usage of antibiotics and occurrence of antibiotic resistance in bacteria from humans and animals in Switzerland

  title={Swiss antibiotic resistance report 2018. Usage of antibiotics and occurrence of antibiotic resistance in bacteria from humans and animals in Switzerland},
  author={Dagmar Heim and Andreas Kronenberg and Gudrun Overesch and Catherine Pl{\"u}ss-Suard and Gertraud Sch{\"u}pbach and Philipp Justus Bless and Helmut B{\"u}rgmann and Olivier Dubuis and Adrian Egli and Reno Frei and Val{\'e}ria Gaia and Michael Gasser and Christian W. G{\"o}tz and Markus Hardegger and Markus Hilty and Sonja Kittl and Christa S. McArdell and Patrice Nordmann and Lu{\'i}s Pedro Carmo and Miriam Reinhardt and Judith Riedo and Mirko Saam and J. Schrenzel and Michael Sinreich and Roger Stephan and Andreas F. Widmer and Giorgio Zanetti and Saskia G Zimmermann-Steffens},
The Role of Point-of-Care C-Reactive Protein Testing in Antibiotic Prescribing for Respiratory Tract Infections: A Survey among Swiss General Practitioners
Understanding the decision-making strategies of general practitioners (GPs) could help reduce suboptimal antibiotic prescribing. Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are the most common reason for
Antimicrobial resistance and antibiotic consumption in intensive care units, Switzerland, 2009 to 2018
  • Stefanie Barnsteiner, F. Baty, P. Kohler
  • Medicine, Biology
    Euro surveillance : bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin
  • 2021
In Swiss ICU, antibiotic-resistant Enterobacterales have been steadily increasing over the last decade and the emergence of CRE, associated with institutional antibiotic consumption, is of particular concern and calls for reinforced surveillance and antibiotic stewardship.
Assessment of animal diseases caused by bacteria resistant to antimicrobials: Dogs and cats
The antimicrobial‐resistant bacteria responsible for transmissible diseases that constitute a threat to dog and cat health have been assessed and EFSA identified S. pseudintermedius, E. coli and P. aeruginosa with > 90% certainty as the most relevant antimicrobial resistant bacteria in the EU based on the available evidence.
Comparison of antimicrobial prescription patterns in calves in Switzerland before and after the launch of online guidelines for prudent antimicrobial use
After the introduction of AntibioticScout.ch, more prudent use was observed in the treatment of calves with pneumonia and diarrhea as less HPCIAs, particularly fluoroquinolones, and more first line antimicrobials were prescribed.
Antibiotic resistance and persistence—Implications for human health and treatment perspectives
This review focuses on bacterial mechanisms allowing evasion of antibiotic killing and discusses their implications on human health, including the relationship between antibiotic persistence and bacterial heterogeneity, and discusses recent studies that link bacterial persistence and tolerance with the evolution of antibiotic resistance.
Campylobacter jejuni from Canine and Bovine Cases of Campylobacteriosis Express High Antimicrobial Resistance Rates against (Fluoro)quinolones and Tetracyclines
High rates of resistance to (fluoro)quinolones and tetracyclines were found in C. jejuni and C. coli isolated from diseased animals, and associated AMR genes or mutations were identified by whole genome sequencing.
Antimicrobial prescriptions and adherence to prudent use guidelines for selected canine diseases in Switzerland in 2016
Overall, adherence to consensus guidelines was poor both, at university hospitals and private practices, and Antimicrobial stewardship measures are therefore needed to improve prudent use.


Presence of New mecA and mph(C) Variants Conferring Antibiotic Resistance in Staphylococcus spp. Isolated from the Skin of Horses before and after Clinic Admission
Hospitalization and preventive penicillin use were shown to act as selection agents for multidrug-resistant commensal staphylococcal flora.
Fecal carriage of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in swine and cattle at slaughter in Switzerland.
The relatively high rates of occurrence of ESBLproducing strains in food animals and the high genetic diversity among these strains indicate that there is an established reservoir of these organisms in farm animals.
Human infection associated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius ST71.
This is the first case of a human infection caused by MRSP ST71 emphasizing its zoonotic potential and therapeutic challenge and it is confirmed that the wound had healed with scarring and no bacterium was detectable in a repeat smear.
Molecular Analysis of Human, Porcine, and Poultry Enterococcus faecium Isolates and Their erm(B) Genes
ABSTRACT Fifty-nine erm(B)-positive Enterococcus faecium strains isolated from pigs, broilers, and humans were typed using multilocus sequence typing (MLST), and the coding sequence of the erm(B)
Characteristics of extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from Swiss and imported poultry meat.
24 extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolated from domestic and imported poultry meat were characterized by antibiotic susceptibility testing, identification of the blaESBL/blapAmpC genes, conjugation mating experiments and determination of plasmid incompatibility types, multilocus sequence typing, and analysis of the Escherichia coli phylogenetic groups.
Clonal spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius in Europe and North America: an international multicentre study.
Two major clonal MRSP lineages have disseminated in Europe and North America and regardless of their geographical or clonal origin, the isolates displayed resistance to the major classes of antibiotics used in veterinary medicine and thus infections caused by MRSP isolates represent a serious therapeutic challenge.
Discovery of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Escherichia coli among hunted deer, chamois and ibex.
Low occurrence of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the wild animal ecosystem in Switzerland must currently be postulated as further studies are necessary to assess future trends.
Human health hazard from antimicrobial-resistant enterococci in animals and food.
It is found that neither the results provided by molecular typing that classifyEnterococci as host-specific organisms nor the occurrence of specific nosocomial clones of enterococci provide reasons to change the current view that antimicrobial-resistant enterococCI from animals pose a threat to human health.