Swimming hydrodynamics: ten questions and the technical approaches needed to resolve them

  title={Swimming hydrodynamics: ten questions and the technical approaches needed to resolve them},
  author={George V. Lauder},
  journal={Experiments in Fluids},
  • G. Lauder
  • Published 1 July 2011
  • Biology, Physics, Engineering
  • Experiments in Fluids
Recent experimental and computational studies of swimming hydrodynamics have contributed significantly to our understanding of how animals swim, but much remains to be done. Ten questions are presented here as an avenue to discuss some of the arenas in which progress still is needed and as a means of considering the technical approaches to address these questions. 1. What is the three-dimensional structure of propulsive surfaces? 2. How do propulsive surfaces move in three dimensions? 3. What… 

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