Swimming and diving energetics in dolphins: a stroke-by-stroke analysis for predicting the cost of flight responses in wild odontocetes.

@article{Williams2017SwimmingAD,
  title={Swimming and diving energetics in dolphins: a stroke-by-stroke analysis for predicting the cost of flight responses in wild odontocetes.},
  author={Terrie M. Williams and Traci L Kendall and Beau P Richter and Courtney R Ribeiro-French and J. Sunitha John and Kim L Odell and Barbara A Losch and David A Feuerbach and M. Andrew Stamper},
  journal={The Journal of experimental biology},
  year={2017},
  volume={220 Pt 6},
  pages={1135-1145}
}
Exponential increases in hydrodynamic drag and physical exertion occur when swimmers move quickly through water, and underlie the preference for relatively slow routine speeds by marine mammals regardless of body size. Because of this and the need to balance limited oxygen stores when submerged, flight (escape) responses may be especially challenging for this group. To examine this, we used open-flow respirometry to measure the energetic cost of producing a swimming stroke during different… CONTINUE READING
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