Swearing as a response to pain

  title={Swearing as a response to pain},
  author={Richard Stephens and J. B. Atkins and and Ann E. Kingston},
Although a common pain response, whether swearing alters individuals' experience of pain has not been investigated. This study investigated whether swearing affects cold-pressor pain tolerance (the ability to withstand immersing the hand in icy water), pain perception and heart rate. In a repeated measures design, pain outcomes were assessed in participants asked to repeat a swear word versus a neutral word. In addition, sex differences and the roles of pain catastrophising, fear of pain and… 
Swearing as a response to pain-effect of daily swearing frequency.
Effect of Manipulated State Aggression on Pain Tolerance
Data indicate that people become more pain tolerant with raised state aggression and support the theory that raised pain tolerance from swearing occurs via an emotional response.
Hurt feelings and four letter words: Swearing alleviates the pain of social distress
It is suggested that social and physical pain are functionally similar and that swearing attenuates social pain.
Means ( SDs ) of Age , Cold Pressor Latency , Perceived Pain Scale Score , Resting
Apparent habituation related to daily swearing frequency is shown, consistent with the theory that the underlying mechanism by which swearing increases pain tolerance is the provocation of an emotional response.
Swearing as a response to pain: A cross-cultural comparison of British and Japanese participants
Swearing as a Response to Pain: Assessing Hypoalgesic Effects of Novel “Swear” Words
Findings that repeating a swear word at a steady pace and volume benefits pain tolerance are replicated, extending this finding to pain threshold.
Verbal Swearing Attenuates the Effects of Social Pain
• Swearing increases physical pain tolerance (Stephens, Atkins, & Kingston, 2009) Swearing can act as an adaptive response to physical pain, decreasing pain sensitivity and increasing pain tolerance.
Taboo gesticulations as a response to pain
These largely null findings further the understanding of swearing as a response to pain, suggesting that the activation of taboo schemas is not sufficient for hypoalgesia to occur.
On the importance of being vocal: saying "ow" improves pain tolerance.
Increased Pain Communication following Multiple Group Memberships Salience Leads to a Relative Reduction in Pain-Related Brain Activity
Evidence for an adaptive response to pain is provided: the more people make use of the social resources at their disposal when experiencing pain, the less pain areas are activated.


Relationship of Pain Tolerance with Human Aggression
Subjective pain tolerance, defined as maximal electrical shock willingly tolerated by participants, was assessed and significant but small Pearson product-moment correlations between pain tolerance and aggression ranged between .21 and .32, with the largest accounting for 9% of variance.
Pain, emotion, and the situational specificity of catastrophising
Two studies were designed to explore the cross-situational nature of catastrophising and the emotions associated with pain and catastrophising. The crosssituational consistency of catastrophising in
Development of the Fear of Pain Questionnaire-III
This article describes the development and refinement of the Fear of Pain Questionnaire (FPQ), which exists in its most current form as the FPQ-III, which consists of Severe Pain, Minor Pain, and Medical Pain subscales.
Theoretical perspectives on the relation between catastrophizing and pain.
It is suggested that catastrophizing might best be viewed from the perspective of hierarchical levels of analysis, where social factors and social goals may play a role in the development and maintenance of catastrophize, whereas appraisal-related processes may point to the mechanisms that link catastrophization to pain experience.
The Pain Catastrophizing Scale: Development and validation.
In Study 1, the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) was administered to 425 undergraduates. Analyses yielded a three component solution comprising (a) rumination, (b) magnification, and (c)