Swash zone sediment transport

Abstract

Preface This thesis is the result of a study, investigating the swash zone sediment transport processes. The first part of the thesis work has taken place on the University of Queensland, in Brisbane, Australia. The second part took place in Delft at WL Delft Hydraulics and was funded by the Delft Cluster Project Coasts (03.01.03). My special gratitude goes to Stefan Aarninkhof for his daily assistance at WL Delft Hydraulics. The author would also like to thank Marcel Stive for helping to create the opportunity for a study in Australia. Summary The coastal area is a busy area, many people live in these areas or use the coastal area for recreational purposes. The beach profile in the coastal area is continuously changing under the changing field conditions. These changes are induced by the changing sediment transports in the sea under changing field conditions. Several models have been developed to simulate and predict these changes in sediment transport and their related profile changes. However, these models fail in a region close to the shoreline, since the parameterized wave models (like Battjes Janssen, 1978) fail in this region. In this thesis a model has been developed to compute the sediment transport rates up to zero meter water depth. This Inner Surf Zone (ISZ) sediment transport model is based on the ISZ model of Aarninkhof, 2000, which models the wave height decay and the associated flow field up to zero meter water depth. The ISZ sediment transport model uses the energy approach of Bailard (1963;1966) for the sediment transport computations. According to Bailard the sediment transport is related to the work done by the fluid, the dissipated energy. The sediment transport is divided in two layers in the ISZ sediment transport model, an upper and a lower layer. In the lower layer suspended and bed load sediment transport is taken into account. In the upper layer only suspended sediment transport is computed, based on the shear stresses near the bottom. The sediment concentrations in the upper layer are assumed to decrease, when the water depth increases, resulting in a decreasing sediment transport in the upper layer. Implementation of this assumption by an empirical formula into the model works encouraging well. The model is calibrated against the tests of Koomans in the Scheldt flume (2000). The model is valid for spilling breaking and the computation area is determined by the non-linearity parameter of the …

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Groot2002SwashZS, title={Swash zone sediment transport}, author={Paul C. de Groot}, year={2002} }