Swarming, defensive and hygienic behaviour in honey bee colonies of different genetic origin in a pan-European experiment

@article{Uzunov2014SwarmingDA,
  title={Swarming, defensive and hygienic behaviour in honey bee colonies of different genetic origin in a pan-European experiment},
  author={Aleksandar Uzunov and Cec{\'i}lia Costa and Beata Panasiuk and Marina Doris Meixner and Per Kryger and Fani Hatjina and Maria Bouga and Sreten Andonov and Małgorzata Bieńkowska and Yves Le Conte and Jerzy Wilde and Dariusz Gerula and Hrisula Kiprijanovska and Janja Filipi and Plamen Petrov and Lauri Ruottinen and Hermann Pechhacker and Stefan Berg and Winfried Dyrba and Evgeniya N. Ivanova and Ralph B{\"u}chler},
  journal={Journal of Apicultural Research},
  year={2014},
  volume={53},
  pages={248 - 260}
}
Summary Honey bee colonies exhibit a wide range of variation in their behaviour, depending on their genetic origin and environmental factors. The COLOSS Genotype-Environment Interactions Experiment gave us the opportunity to investigate the phenotypic expression of the swarming, defensive and hygienic behaviour of 16 genotypes from five different honey bee subspecies in various environmental conditions. In 2010 and 2011, a total of 621 colonies were monitored and tested according to a standard… 

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The influence of genetic origin and its interaction with environmental effects on the survival of Apis mellifera L. colonies in Europe

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