Swarm Orientation in Honeybees

  title={Swarm Orientation in Honeybees},
  author={Roger A. Morse},
  pages={357 - 358}
  • R. Morse
  • Published 26 July 1963
  • Art
  • Science
A swarm of honeybees will move up to 75 m (250 feet) without its queen but only for 3 to 8 minutes. The swarm is aware of the presence of its queen, but the queen does not lead the swarm from one location to another. Bees return to a queen which cannot follow the swarm in flight and in fact are capable of finding a queen "lost along the way." The source of the odoriferous substance(s) responsible for a swarm's detection of its queen appears to be glands in her head. 

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Some Functional Aspects of the Mandibular Glands of the Queen Honeybee

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From molecules to societies: mechanisms regulating swarming behavior in honey bees (Apis spp.)

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Honey bee pheromones: Field tests of natural and artificial queen substance

Synthetic (E)-9-oxo-2-decenoic acid (9-ODA) was as attractive to drones as ether extracts of queen heads, suggesting that 9-ODA is the component of the sex pheromone that attracts drones from a

The Pennsylvania State University

The results demonstrate that queens could play a role in triggering the initial swarming event through the release of novel pheromones, and swarming and non-swarming workers represent distinct physiological and behavioral states that likely are differentially responsive to these pheramones.

The influence of queen mandibular pheromones on worker attraction to swarm clusters and inhibition of queen rearing in the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.)

The enhanced activity of the full, five-component blend exhibited a range of effects from a slight, qualitative enhancement of cluster formation to a moderate, quantitative enhancement of queen rearing inhibition, to a strong, highly significant enhancement of retinue formation.

Queen-produced volatiles change dynamically during reproductive swarming and are associated with changes in honey bee (Apis mellifera) worker behavior

It is found that queens emitted higher quantities and greater numbers of unique volatiles at liftoff than they did prior to swarming or in clustered bivouacs, and swarming workers tended to be attracted to these lif toff volatile blends.

Group decision making in nest-site selection among social insects.

The choice of a new nest site is ecologically critical for an insect colony. In swarm-founding social insects, or those that move as colonies from one site to another, this choice is one of the



for the use of the excellent facilities and his assistance; and Dr. W. L. Brown, Cornell, for his comments on the manuscript

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