Suzerainty, Semi-Sovereignty, and International Legal Hierarchies on China's Borderlands

@article{Zhu2020SuzeraintySA,
  title={Suzerainty, Semi-Sovereignty, and International Legal Hierarchies on China's Borderlands},
  author={Yuan Zhu},
  journal={Asian Journal of International Law},
  year={2020},
  volume={10},
  pages={293-320}
}
  • Yuan Zhu
  • Published 1 July 2020
  • Law
  • Asian Journal of International Law
The concept of semi-sovereignty, a now obsolete category of international entities possessing limited sovereignty, remains hazily understood. However, the historical examination of how semi-sovereignty was defined and practised during the long nineteenth century can provide insights on the interplay between authority and control within the hierarchies of international relations. This paper examines one specific type of semi-sovereignty—namely, suzerainty—which is often used to describe China's… 
Parliamentary options for a multi-ethnic state: sovereignty, frontier governance, and representation in early twentieth-century China
ABSTRACT This article reconstructs two modes of parliamentary representation of (post-)imperial diversity in early twentieth-century China. One model foresaw a differentiated representation of the
State recognition and dynamic sovereignty
  • George Kyris
  • Sociology
    European Journal of International Relations
  • 2022
This study reflects on sovereignty as dynamic, whereby associated conditions, like recognition, fluctuate in quality and quantity within a unit and over time, and adds to existing discussions that

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