Sustainable livelihoods and effectiveness of disaster responses: a case study of tropical cyclone Pam in Vanuatu

  title={Sustainable livelihoods and effectiveness of disaster responses: a case study of tropical cyclone Pam in Vanuatu},
  author={Lo{\"i}c Le D{\'e} and Tony Rey and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Leone and David Gilbert},
  journal={Natural Hazards},
Category 5 tropical cyclone Pam hit Vanuatu in March 2015, affecting thousands of people. Three months after the event, this study compared the responses from both external aid agencies and the disaster-affected communities to identify convergences, duplications and gaps. The research relies on 13 interviews with aid agencies and eight focus group discussions with participatory activities at local community level. While aid agencies actively responded during and after Pam, local people too… 
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