Sustainable Floodplains Through Large-Scale Reconnection to Rivers

  title={Sustainable Floodplains Through Large-Scale Reconnection to Rivers},
  author={J. Opperman and Gerald E. Galloway and Joseph E. Fargione and Jeffrey F. Mount and Brian Richter and S. Secchi},
  pages={1487 - 1488}
If riverside levees are strategically removed or repositioned, the result can be reduced flood risk and increased goods and services. Flooding is the most damaging natural disaster worldwide, and the flood-vulnerable population is expected to grow in coming decades (1). Flood risks will likely increase because of both climate change (1) and shifting land uses, such as filling of wetlands and expansion of impervious surfaces, that lead to more rapid precipitation runoff into rivers. In the… Expand
Tradeoffs of strategically reconnecting rivers to their floodplains: The case of the Lower Illinois River (USA).
A novel hydrodynamic, geospatial, economic, and habitat suitability framework is used to assess the tradeoffs of strategically reconnecting the Illinois River to its floodplain in order to decrease flood risk, improve floodplain habitats, and limit the costs of reconnection. Expand
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The Mississippi River was the first theater in which the federal government sought to control floods and improve navigation through the efforts of the US Army Corps of Engineers, initially under aExpand
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During the last decades, river floods accounted for enormous damages especially in highly developed and/or densely populated regions worldwide. Moreover, due to anthropogenic alterations of hydrologyExpand
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River flooding—the world’s most significant natural hazard—is likely to increase under anthropogenic climate change. Most large rivers have been regulated by damming, but the extent to which theseExpand
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Abstract Flood protection from levees is a mixed blessing, excluding water from the floodplain but creating higher flood levels (“surcharges”) and promoting “residual risk” of flood damages. ThisExpand
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Summary During the late 19th Century, the Tisza River’s vast floodplain-wetland system was largely disconnected by levees, facilitating “reclamation” for agriculture and resulting in an estimatedExpand
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During the 1920’s, Illinois River levees became increasingly difficult for private landowners and the state to maintain as commodity prices fell and flood levels increased. However, the 1928 U.S.Expand
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This paper is promoting the awareness that nature and engineering structure can co-exist together. Natural floodplain inundation is usually restrained to separate floodplain lands for human uses. InExpand
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Rivers and floodplains have a long history of human perturbation, and they have been significantly impacted by land use intensification and physical degradation. Consequently, on a global scale,Expand
Mississippi River Ecohydrology: Past, present and future
Abstract For well over 100 years the twin objectives of navigation/transportation and flood-risk management have led to an intensively managed Mississippi River system which, hydrologically andExpand


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Natural flood plains are among the most biologically productive and diverse ecosystems on earth. Globally, riverine flood plains cover > 2 × 106 km2, however, they are among the most threatenedExpand
One Step Forward, Two Steps Back on U.S. Floodplains
The scale of floodplain encroachment across the United States is described, negative impacts of such encroachment are explored, and alternatives that have been proposed and implemented worldwide are outlined. Expand
Battling the Inland Sea: Floods, Public Policy, and the Sacramento Valley
In its natural condition the Sacramento Valley was a flood-ravaged region where an inland sea a hundred miles long regularly formed during the rainy season, to drain slowly away by the summer months.Expand
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▪ Abstract Estimates of global wetland area range from 5.3 to 12.8 million km2. About half the global wetland area has been lost, but an international treaty (the 1971 Ramsar Convention) has helpedExpand
Flood Damage in the United States, 1926-2000 A Reanalysis of National Weather Service Estimates
NA96GP0451 through a cooperative agreement. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UCAR, the National Science Foundation, NOAA, or any ofExpand
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The services of ecological systems and the natural capital stocks that produce them are critical to the functioning of the Earth's life-support system. They contribute to human welfare, both directlyExpand
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Growing fuel: a sustainability assessment of willow biomass crops
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Levee ‘overtopping’ eases some downstream fl ooding
  • Alton Telegraph,
  • 2008