Susruta of India, an unrecognized contributor to the history of exercise physiology.

@article{Tipton2008SusrutaOI,
  title={Susruta of India, an unrecognized contributor to the history of exercise physiology.},
  author={Charles M. Tipton},
  journal={Journal of applied physiology},
  year={2008},
  volume={104 6},
  pages={
          1553-6
        }
}
  • C. Tipton
  • Published 1 June 2008
  • Medicine
  • Journal of applied physiology
When considering the history of exercise physiology, authors begin with Hippocrates and the "Golden Age" of Greece before mentioning Galen and the contributions from Rome. However, this approach has omitted the information from the ancient civilizations of India which flourished before and during the emergence of Mycenaen cultures. Specifically ignored have been 1) the tridosa doctrine (humoral theory), which as early as 1500 B.C., emphasized that disease occurred because of a displacement of… 

Figures from this paper

History of Cardiology in India.

The history of "Exercise Is Medicine" in ancient civilizations.

  • C. Tipton
  • Medicine
    Advances in physiology education
  • 2014
The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the foundation for this global initiative and its exercise prescription for health and disease prevention has roots that began in antiquity more than two millennia ago.

History of Development of Gastrointestinal Physiology: From Antiquity to Modern Period and the Birth of Modern Digestive Physiology

This chapter provides contemporary information on the historical timeline of events that transpired on GI physiology beginning from antiquity to the contemporary period to allow for meaningful future investigations that could fetch the world results for the betterment of life.

History of Slimming Diets up to the Late 1950s

It is important for people seeking to lose weight to be followed by a nutrition professional until the individual reaches a desirable body weight, as it will be science and history that will judge whether the results of these treatments have been adequate.

46th Walter J. Zeiter Lecture, Exercise Is Rehabilitation Medicine: Our History and Future

  • B. Becker
  • Medicine
    PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation
  • 2015

History of teaching anatomy in India: From ancient to modern times

  • T. Jacob
  • Medicine
    Anatomical sciences education
  • 2013
This review takes the reader through various periods of Indian medicine and the role of anatomy in the field of medical practice and provides a peek into the modern system of pedagogy in anatomical sciences in India.

Science of Exercise: Ancient Indian Origin.

Sushruta not only gave a vivid description of diabetes and its two types, but also described the causes namely, overeating and lack of physical exercise Science of Exercise : Ancient Indian Origin.

Have people always been fat? An historical enquiry.

Obesity is typically an expression of over-eating and inadequate habitual physical activity, and an excess of body fat is a health problem that could be resolved quite readily for most people by a disciplined return to the dietary and physical activity patterns of earlier generations.

Diabetes: Have We Got It All Wrong?

Data is shown to support the hypothesis that fasting hyperinsulinemia is the initial underlying cause of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and that the remission of the disease following bariatric surgery may be due to the correction of hyperinsulainemia.

Sushruta: Father of plastic surgery in Benares

Sushruta is perhaps best known for the nasal reconstruction flap which is still used in different versions and for all his contributions, he has been aptly titled ‘Father of Plastic Surgery’.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 58 REFERENCES

Historical perspective: the antiquity of exercise, exercise physiology and the exercise prescription for health.

  • C. Tipton
  • Medicine
    World review of nutrition and dietetics
  • 2008
For the topics of exercise, exercise physiology and the exercise prescription for health, the era is the same but their histories are inextricably linked to the evolving concepts concerning disease and health, physiology, and to the practice of rational medicine.

Galen's System of Physiology and Medicine

Susruta, the pioneer urologist of antiquity.

  • S. Das
  • Medicine
    The Journal of urology
  • 2001

Waging war on physical inactivity: using modern molecular ammunition against an ancient enemy.

The purpose of this review is to summarize the vast armamentarium at the authors' disposal in the form of the extensive scientific basis underlying how physical inactivity affects at least 20 of the most deadly chronic disorders.

World Review of Nutrition and Ditetics

Volume 5 is a welcome addition in this series which has something for everyone concerned with health and with advisory editors from seven countries and papers coming from four different countries, the term "World" in the title is appropriate.

Susruta of ancient India.

  • V. K. Raju
  • Medicine
    Indian journal of ophthalmology
  • 2003
It is interesting that while in Hindu medicine, cataract was defined by Susruta as opacity due to derangement of the intraocular fluid, subsequent history is full of fantasies and prejudices

The History of Physical Education

  • J. A. Kennard
  • Education
    Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
  • 1977
Before reviewing current historical research about women and physical education, several points ought to be made about that history itself in order to clarify the research. First, women have played

Exercise, upper respiratory tract infection, and the immune system.

  • D. Nieman
  • Medicine
    Medicine and science in sports and exercise
  • 1994
Clinical data support the concept that heavy exertion increases the athlete's risk of URTI because of negative changes in immune function and elevation of the stress hormones, epinephrine, and cortisol, but there is growing evidence that moderate amounts of exercise may decrease one's risk on the other hand.

Sedentary death syndrome.

  • S. LeesF. Booth
  • Medicine
    Canadian journal of applied physiology = Revue canadienne de physiologie appliquee
  • 2004
Information is presented which indicates that comparisons should be made to physically active controls, rather than sedentary controls, as this population is the healthiest, and causal mechanisms for SeDS must be obtained to allow for scientifically based prevention and therapy strategies.
...