Sushruta: The father of Indian surgery and ophthalmology

  title={Sushruta: The father of Indian surgery and ophthalmology},
  author={K Kansupada and Joseph W Sassani},
  journal={Documenta Ophthalmologica},
Sushruta is the most celebrated physician and surgeon in India. Though he practiced during the 5th century B.C., many of his contributions to medicine and surgery preceded similar discoveries in the Western world. Sushruta devotes a complete volume of his experiences to ophthalmologic diseases. In theUttar Tantrum, Sushruta enumerates a sophisticated classification of eye diseases complete with signs, symptoms, prognosis, and medical/surgical interventions. In particular, Sushruta describes… 
Sushruta -the clinician : Teacher par excellence
The historic contribution of Sushruta, the ancient surgeon of India, is well recognised for his innovative method of rhinoplasty, but little is known regarding his vivid description of diabetes (madhumeha),5 angina and obesity (medoroga).
Sushruta in 600 B.C. introduced extraocular expulsion of lens material
There are evidences that some sort of extraocular expulsion of lens material through a limbal puncture (paracentesis) was described by the Indian surgeon, but this incision cannot be considered as a classic extracapsular procedure because it was not large enough to allow the extraction of the entire lens.
Ayurveda, the ancient Indian medicine system is better recognised now by the West. Rhinoplasty, inoculation against small pox etc were practiced in India even as late as the 18th Century AD, as shown
Neurosurgery in Ancient India: Susruta
Neurosurgical procedures, particularly trepanation, can be traced as far back as 10,000 bc . Archeological findings from Africa, Asia, Europe, and South America provide evidence that trepanation was
The Contribution of Aulus Cornelius Celsus (25 B.C.–50 A.D.) to Eyelid Surgery
An analysis of how previous authors have influenced Celsus’ description of eyelid surgery and reflections on how modern his ideas (or those of his time) were are presented in the paper.
Cataract surgery springing into action: the French connection
Surgery for cataracts began with the smallest of small incisions, the incision was only the width of a needle device that was inserted to displace the cataractous lens from the visual pathway, in the operation of couching.
Surgical practice and Ayurveda: A realistic analysis of the current debate
The history of the evolution of Kshara-Sutra therapy is cited to justify the argument that well-trained Ayurveda surgeons must be allowed to practice surgery, but at the same time, a blanket license to all Shalya-Shalakya postgraduate degree holders topractice surgery without ensuring their actual clinical training would be unreasonable.
Complications of couching and visual outcome after IOL implantation - A study of 60 patients in Sudan
Couching results in poor visual outcome and blinding complications in most of the patients and traditional healers performing couching should be banned by the government, not only by setting legislations against them, but also by organizing wide campaigns of heath education and mobile cataract surgery facilities (eye camps) that target the areas of action.
Pathogenesis and Management of Diabetic Macular Edema
Purpose: To assess community based intervention in preventing general injury from paddy grain. Method: Six villages were selected. Educative materials were produced to propagate use of protective
Evolution of Medicine
The historical and philosophical underpinnings discussed in this chapter provide a rationale for integration, and lay the foundation for rest of the book.


A history of rhinoplasty.
  • I. Eisenberg
  • Medicine
    South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde
  • 1982
The psychosocial aspects of rhinoplasty as it affects the patient and surgeon are discussed, and the challenges facing the discipline are evaluated.
Cataract surgery performed before 800 B.C.
A study of the original text suggests that the method of cataract extraction in India in the Sushruta period was more closely allied to the extracapsular extraction of recent times.
Great Moments in Medicine and Pharmacy: a History of Medicine and Pharmacy in Pictures
Using reproductions of oil paintings (by RobertThom) as the core of his 85 chapters George Bender has produced two very readable histories of medicine and medicine which will be much appreciated by sixth formers, nurses, medical students and, indeed, by anyone who desires a painless introduction to medical history.
Shushruta of ancient India.
  • U. Prakash
  • Medicine
    Surgery, gynecology & obstetrics
  • 1978
Medicine throughout antiquity
A Story of Medicine and Pharmacy in India Calcutta
  • Navana Printing works Private Limited,
  • 1964
The Story of Surgery
  • New York; Halcyon House,
  • 1982
The History of Medicine and The Medical Profession
  • New York; Robert E. Kreiger Publishing Co., Inc.,
  • 1971