Survivorship analysis was used in the evaluation of 348 consecutive primary total condylar knee arthroplasties (total knee arthroplasties) performed on 253 patients in a 27-month period, with a maximum follow-up period of 12 years. The diagnosis was osteoarthrosis in 184 cases and rheumatoid arthritis in 164 cases. Ten patients (10 total knee arthroplasties) were lost to follow-up evaluation. The endpoint was defined as prosthesis not in situ. The variables considered were age, sex, body mass index, and diagnosis. The overall cumulative survival rate was 92%. The survival rate of the osteoarthrosis group was significantly higher (97%) than that of the rheumatoid arthritis group (87%). None of the other variables affected survival rate significantly.