This case reports electrophysiological evidence for cochlear function in a child with radiological evidence of bilateral auditory nerve agenesis or severe hypoplasia. The diagnosis of auditory nerve agenesis was supported by a bilateral atresia of internal auditory canals on computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) absent auditory brainstem responses and absent behavioural responses to sound. Despite the apparent absence of an auditory nerve or spiral ganglion, electrocochleography revealed surviving cochlear function at 70-80 db HL and an abnormal electrocochleographic waveform. This case demonstrates that cochlear function may develop without afferent, or efferent innervation. It also emphasizes that cochlear function may occur in the presence of profound deafness.