Surviving Urbanization: The Gabrieleno, 1850-1928

  title={Surviving Urbanization: The Gabrieleno, 1850-1928},
  author={Heather Valdez Singleton},
  journal={Wicazo Sa Review},
  pages={49 - 59}
  • H. Singleton
  • Published 29 September 2004
  • History
  • Wicazo Sa Review
In the early twentieth century, anthropologists and government officials proclaimed many California Indian tribes extinct because of the effects of colonization-violence, disease, and urbanization. They believed the Gabrieleno, an indigenous tribe of the Los Angeles basin, had succumbed to the pressures of missionization and urbanization. However, in 1928 over a hundred of these Indians self-identified as Gabrieleno on the California Indian judgment roll. Many of them were living in the same… 

Identity on Trial: the Gabrielino Tongva Quest for Federal Recognition

2 Acknowledgments: I would like to thank my informants for sharing their knowledge and their experiences as Tongva. Without them this project would not have been feasible. I hope that this work will



Indians in Los Angeles, 1781-1875: Economic Integration, Social Disintegration

As MEMBERS OF sociopolitical units not yet significantly damaged by white contact, Indians had their greatest impact on post-Columbian, North American history. Bands, lineages, villages, chiefdoms,