Surviving Urbanization: The Gabrieleno, 1850-1928

@article{Singleton2004SurvivingUT,
  title={Surviving Urbanization: The Gabrieleno, 1850-1928},
  author={Heather Valdez Singleton},
  journal={Wicazo Sa Review},
  year={2004},
  volume={19},
  pages={49 - 59}
}
  • H. Singleton
  • Published 29 September 2004
  • History
  • Wicazo Sa Review
In the early twentieth century, anthropologists and government officials proclaimed many California Indian tribes extinct because of the effects of colonization-violence, disease, and urbanization. They believed the Gabrieleno, an indigenous tribe of the Los Angeles basin, had succumbed to the pressures of missionization and urbanization. However, in 1928 over a hundred of these Indians self-identified as Gabrieleno on the California Indian judgment roll. Many of them were living in the same… 

Identity on Trial: the Gabrielino Tongva Quest for Federal Recognition

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