Survival and growth of hardwoods in brown versus gray sandstone on a surface mine in West Virginia.

@article{Emerson2009SurvivalAG,
  title={Survival and growth of hardwoods in brown versus gray sandstone on a surface mine in West Virginia.},
  author={Paul Emerson and Jeff G Skousen and Paul F. Ziemkiewicz},
  journal={Journal of environmental quality},
  year={2009},
  volume={38 5},
  pages={1821-9}
}
Surface mining in West Virginia removes the eastern deciduous forest and reclaiming the mined land to a productive forest must consider soil depth, soil physical and chemical properties, soil compaction, ground cover competition, and tree species selection. Our objective was to evaluate tree survival and growth in weathered brown sandstone and in unweathered gray sandstone. Brown and gray sandstone are often substituted when insufficient native topsoil is available for replacement. Three 2.8-ha… CONTINUE READING

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