Survey on Teleoperation Concepts for Automated Vehicles

  title={Survey on Teleoperation Concepts for Automated Vehicles},
  author={Domagoj Majstorovic and Simon Hoffmann and Florian Pfab and Andreas Schimpe and Maria-Magdalena Wolf and Frank Diermeyer},
  journal={2022 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC)},
In parallel with the advancement of Automated Driving (AD) functions, teleoperation has grown in popularity over recent years. By enabling remote operation of automated vehicles, teleoperation can be established as a reliable fallback solution for operational design domain limits and edge cases of AD functions. Over the years, a variety of different teleoperation concepts as to how a human operator can remotely support or substitute an AD function have been proposed in the literature. This… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Exploration into the Needs and Requirements of the Remote Driver When Teleoperating the 5G-Enabled Level 4 Automated Vehicle in the Real World—A Case Study of 5G Connected and Automated Logistics

This study qualitatively investigated the acceptance, attitudes, needs and requirements of remote drivers when teleoperating a 5G-enabled Level 4 automated vehicle (5G L 4 AV) in the real world and showed that remote drivers are positive towards the 5G L4 AV.

Steering Action-aware Adaptive Cruise Control for Teleoperated Driving

In this paper, a steering action-aware Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) approach for teleoperated road vehicles is proposed. In order to keep the vehicle in a safe state, the ACC approach can override



A System Design for Teleoperated Road Vehicles

The basic concepts of the teleoperated driving of road vehicles are outlined, including a static multi-camera design, an operator interface with a sensor fusion based display, and a cellular network based video transmission and communication architecture.

Evaluation of Display Methods for Teleoperation of Road Vehicles

During teleoperation of road vehicles, live images from the vehicle are sent to an operator via a cellular connection, who then inputs his control demands. Time delays resulting from signal

Systems-Theoretic Safety Assessment of Teleoperated Road Vehicles

The focus of this paper is to systematically analyze the potential hazards of teleoperation systems and an appropriate hazard analysis method (STPA) is chosen from literature and applied to the system at hand.

Safe Corridor: A Trajectory-Based Safety Concept for Teleoperated Road Vehicles

A concept is proposed that enables the vehicle to return to a safe state if certain system requirements are not met, which relies on a safe trajectory, which is implicitly planned by the operator as long as all system requirements were met.

Development of an Unmanned Ground Vehicle for task-oriented operation - considerations on teleoperation and delay

In this paper the development of an unmanned ground vehicle for task-oriented military applications is described. The instrumentation of the vehicle platform and observations from the teleoperation

The Perception Modification Concept to Free the Path of An Automated Vehicle Remotely

A teleoperation concept and its implementation to free the path of an automated vehicle is presented and the preliminary tests show that theteleoperation concept enables teleoperators to resolve the respective scenarios appropriately.

Teleoperation of On-Road Vehicles via Immersive Telepresence Using Off-the-shelf Components

This work demonstrates that a suitable teleoperation system can be exclusively composed of low-cost off-the-shelf components yet still meet the high performance demands of remotely driving a car on the road.

An Adaptable and Immersive Real Time Interface for Resolving System Limitations of Automated Vehicles with Teleoperation

  • J. GeorgFrank Diermeyer
  • Computer Science, Engineering
    2019 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics (SMC)
  • 2019
The human-centered-design process is used, in which the whole teleoperation system is analyzed in the context of autonomous driving and requirements for the new interface are derived, and the new concept is designed and implemented.

Teleoperated Road Vehicles – The "Free Corridor" as a Safety Strategy Approach

The safety concept named Free Corridor, which decides which path the vehicle would follow in the case of a connection loss, thus avoiding the decision-making problem of autonomous vehicles is presented.

Shared Autonomy for Teleoperated Driving: A Real-Time Interactive Path Planning Approach

A new hybrid path planning method has been developed, which searches and clusters in the first phase all feasible paths in the environment using a modified Rapidly-Exploring-Random Tree (RRT) and the path selected by the operator is optimized online by a modified CHOMP algorithm.