Survey of attitudes and perceptions of urine-diverting toilets and human waste recycling in Hawaii.

@article{Lamichhane2013SurveyOA,
  title={Survey of attitudes and perceptions of urine-diverting toilets and human waste recycling in Hawaii.},
  author={Krishna M Lamichhane and Roger W. Babcock},
  journal={The Science of the total environment},
  year={2013},
  volume={443},
  pages={749-56}
}
Urine constitutes only about 1% of domestic sewage but contains 50% or more of the excreted nutrients and chemicals like hormones and pharmaceutical residues. Urine diverting toilet (UDT) systems can be considered a more sustainable alternative to wastewater management because they allow nutrient recycling, reduce water use, and allow source-separation of hormones and chemicals that can harm the environment. An online survey was conducted to determine whether UDTs are acceptable to the general… CONTINUE READING
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