Survey of Non-facial/Non-verbal Affective Expressions for Appearance-Constrained Robots

  title={Survey of Non-facial/Non-verbal Affective Expressions for Appearance-Constrained Robots},
  author={Cindy L. Bethel and Robin R. Murphy},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C (Applications and Reviews)},
Non-facial and non-verbal methods of affective expression are essential for naturalistic social interaction in robots that are designed to be functional and lack expressive faces (appearance-constrained) such as those used in search and rescue, law enforcement, and military applications. This correspondence identifies five main methods of non-facial and non-verbal affective expression (body movement, posture, orientation, color, and sound), and ranks their effectiveness for appearance… CONTINUE READING
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