Survey Science in Pediatric Emergency Medicine

  title={Survey Science in Pediatric Emergency Medicine},
  author={Mark R. Zonfrillo and Douglas J. Wiebe},
  journal={Pediatric Emergency Care},
Surveys conveniently acquire and summarize valuable information from a target population. The specific aims, design, target sample, mode of distribution, data analysis, and inherent limitations of the survey methodology should be carefully considered to maximize the validity of the results. This review provides guidance on the methods and standards necessary to complete sound survey science. 
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A multivariable model identified 6 independent predictors for burnout and constructed a scoring system that stratifies probability of burnout, which may be used to guide organizational strategies that mitigate burn out and improve physician well-being.
Review article: Medical education research: an overview of methods
Clinician-teachers will be able to become familiar with educational research methodology in order to critically appraise education research studies and apply evidence-based education more effectively to their practice and initiate or collaborate in medical education research.
The Environment and Children’s Health Care in Northwest China
Health care providers in Northwest China have strong beliefs regarding the role of environment in children’s health, and frequently identify affected children, but few are trained in environmental history taking or rate self-efficacy highly in managing common hazards.
Observational Data Collection of Environmental and Behavioral Characteristics: Strengths, Limitations, and Implications for H ealth Communication
The collection of observational data is crucial to understanding both the environmental and behavioral characteristics of individuals and communities. The implications of the observational data
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Survey research in dermatology: guidelines for success.
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There was a substantial increase in the amount of research conducted in PEM and the topics investigated correspond to national recommendations; however, there was increased statistical sophistication with time.
A guide for the design and conduct of self-administered surveys of clinicians
The aim of a survey is to gather reliable and unbiased data from a representative sample of respondents to help investigators administer questionnaires to clinicians about clinical practice.
Institutional review board approval for surveys: why it is necessary.
Design a questionnaire.
The design of questionnaires is a craft which has been badly neglected by the medical profession and is capable of coping with all possible responses, satisfactorily coded, piloted, and ethical.
Resolving the 50‐year debate around using and misusing Likert scales
Most recently in this journal, Jamieson outlined the view that ‘Likert scales’ are ordinal in character and that they must be analysed using non-parametric statistics, which are less sensitive and less powerful than parametric statistics and are more likely to miss weaker or emerging findings.
Incentives for survey participation when are they "coercive"?
How Many Scientists Fabricate and Falsify Research? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Survey Data
Meta-regression showed that self reports surveys, surveys using the words “falsification” or “fabrication”, and mailed surveys yielded lower percentages of misconduct, and when these factors were controlled for, misconduct was reported more frequently by medical/pharmacological researchers than others.
Sampling of Populations: Methods and Applications
The use of Sample Surveys and Stratification and Stratified Random Sampling, and Strategies for Design-Based Analysis of Sample Survey Data, are presented.
Web survey design and administration.
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The overall implementation and outcome of the survey is discussed, the results of the imbedded design experiments are described, and they are described.