Surveillance for renal cell carcinoma: why and how? When and how often?

  title={Surveillance for renal cell carcinoma: why and how? When and how often?},
  author={Tobias Klatte and John S. Lam and Brian Shuch and Arie S. Belldegrun and Allan J. Pantuck},
  journal={Urologic oncology},
  volume={26 5},
Patient's history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and radiographic evaluation are the cornerstones of postoperative surveillance. It has been shown that localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC) can recur in nearly all organs of the body, but most commonly in the lung, bone, liver, brain, and renal fossa. Lung metastases can be sensitively detected through radiographic evaluation. Treatment of lung metastases might prolong survival, which supports surveillance x-ray or computed tomography… CONTINUE READING


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