Surgical treatment of thoracic deformity in Poland's syndrome.


In 1841, Poland described congenital deficiency of the pectoralis major and minor muscles associated with syndactyly. This syndrome is a spectrum, often involving chest wall and breast deformity as well. Identification of the various musculoskeletal components involved permits optimal thoracic reconstruction in the small proportion of patients who will… (More)


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@article{Shamberger1989SurgicalTO, title={Surgical treatment of thoracic deformity in Poland's syndrome.}, author={Robert Cooper Shamberger and Kenneth J. Welch and Joseph Upton}, journal={Journal of pediatric surgery}, year={1989}, volume={24 8}, pages={760-5; discussion 766} }