Surgical treatment of renal cell carcinoma with extension into the vena cava

Abstract

Four to ten percent of patients with renal cell carcinoma have extension of tumor thrombus into the vena cava. These cancers remain resistant to chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Aggressive surgical therapy for these patients, with no apparent evidence of metastatic disease using hypothermia, temporary cardiac arrest and exsanguination with cardiopulmonary… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/BF00182836

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Cite this paper

@article{Steinberg1994SurgicalTO, title={Surgical treatment of renal cell carcinoma with extension into the vena cava}, author={G. D. Steinberg and Bruce A. Reitz and F. F. Marshall}, journal={World Journal of Urology}, year={1994}, volume={9}, pages={173-177} }