Surgical treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma with biliary tumor thrombi.


Treatment is always abandoned in those HCC with jaundice, because it is usually attributed to the underlying liver cirrhosis and extensive tumor. In this series, 7 cases (0.8%) of HCC with jaundice were caused by bile duct invasion and tumor thrombi (BTT). 57% of cases showed Charcot's triad. 57% of BTT were small HCC, significantly higher than the 1.7% of… (More)


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