Surgical staging of gastric carcinoma: sources and consequences of error.

@article{Madden1987SurgicalSO,
  title={Surgical staging of gastric carcinoma: sources and consequences of error.},
  author={Matthew Madden and Sherrie Price and Genevieve Learmonth and David Dent},
  journal={The British journal of surgery},
  year={1987},
  volume={74 2},
  pages={119-21}
}
Macroscopic 'TNM' staging was performed during 78 consecutive operations for gastric carcinoma and compared with subsequent pathological staging. Surgical assessment was correct for tumour (T) in 60 per cent when depth of invasion was assessed, for nodes (N) in 61 per cent, for liver metastases (M) in 92 per cent but for all aspects in only 21 per cent. Curability (conservatively defined as T1-3, N0-1, M0) was correct in 8 of 18 patients thus assessed at surgery and incurability was… CONTINUE READING