Surgical problems and complex procedures: issues for operative time in robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Robotically assisted totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (TECAB) is a viable option for closed chest coronary surgery, but it requires learning curves and longer operative times. This study evaluated the effect of extended operation times on the outcome of patients undergoing TECAB. METHODS From 2001 to 2009, 325 patients… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2011.04.039

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