Surgical management of left-sided carcinoid heart disease.


BACKGROUND Carcinoid involvement of left-sided heart valves has been reported in patients with a patent foramen ovale, carcinoid tumor of the lung, and active carcinoid syndrome with high levels of serotonin. The present study details the clinical features and surgical management of patients with carcinoid heart disease affecting both left- and right-sided… (More)


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@article{Connolly2001SurgicalMO, title={Surgical management of left-sided carcinoid heart disease.}, author={Heidi M. Connolly and Hartzell Vernon Schaff and Charles J. Mullany and J. Rubin and Martin Abel and Patricia A. Pellikka}, journal={Circulation}, year={2001}, volume={104 12 Suppl 1}, pages={I36-40} }