Surgical management of fecal incontinence.

Abstract

The surgical approach to treating fecal incontinence is complex. After optimal medical management has failed, surgery remains the best option for restoring function. Patient factors, such as prior surgery, anatomic derangements, and degree of incontinence, help inform the astute surgeon regarding the most appropriate option. Many varied approaches to surgical management are available, ranging from more conservative approaches, such as anal canal bulking agents and neuromodulation, to more aggressive approaches, including sphincter repair, anal cerclage techniques, and muscle transposition. Efficacy and morbidity of these approaches also range widely, and this article presents the data and operative considerations for these approaches.

DOI: 10.1016/j.gtc.2013.09.006

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Cite this paper

@article{Bleier2013SurgicalMO, title={Surgical management of fecal incontinence.}, author={Joshua I. S. Bleier and Brian R Kann}, journal={Gastroenterology clinics of North America}, year={2013}, volume={42 4}, pages={815-36} }