Surgical management of cloacal malformations: a review of 339 patients.

@article{Pena2004SurgicalMO,
  title={Surgical management of cloacal malformations: a review of 339 patients.},
  author={A. Pena and M. Andrew Levitt and Andrew Hong and Peter S. Midulla},
  journal={Journal of pediatric surgery},
  year={2004},
  volume={39 3},
  pages={470-9; discussion 470-9}
}
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The aim of this study was to describe lessons learned from the authors' series of patients with cloaca and convey the improved understanding and surgical treatment of the condition's wide spectrum of complexity. METHODS The medical records of 339 patients with cloaca operated on by the authors were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS A total of 265 patients underwent primary operations, and 74 were secondary. All patients were approached posterior sagittally; 111 of them… CONTINUE READING

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Complications included vaginal stricture or atresia in 17 , urethral strictures in 6 , and urethro - vaginal fistula in 19 , all of which occurred before the introduction of the total urogenital mobilization .
Complications included vaginal stricture or atresia in 17 , urethral strictures in 6 , and urethro - vaginal fistula in 19 , all of which occurred before the introduction of the total urogenital mobilization .
Complications included vaginal stricture or atresia in 17 , urethral strictures in 6 , and urethro - vaginal fistula in 19 , all of which occurred before the introduction of the total urogenital mobilization .
Complications included vaginal stricture or atresia in 17 , urethral strictures in 6 , and urethro - vaginal fistula in 19 , all of which occurred before the introduction of the total urogenital mobilization .
Complications included vaginal stricture or atresia in 17 , urethral strictures in 6 , and urethro - vaginal fistula in 19 , all of which occurred before the introduction of the total urogenital mobilization .
Complications included vaginal stricture or atresia in 17 , urethral strictures in 6 , and urethro - vaginal fistula in 19 , all of which occurred before the introduction of the total urogenital mobilization .
Complications included vaginal stricture or atresia in 17 , urethral strictures in 6 , and urethro - vaginal fistula in 19 , all of which occurred before the introduction of the total urogenital mobilization .
Complications included vaginal stricture or atresia in 17 , urethral strictures in 6 , and urethro - vaginal fistula in 19 , all of which occurred before the introduction of the total urogenital mobilization .
Complications included vaginal stricture or atresia in 17 , urethral strictures in 6 , and urethro - vaginal fistula in 19 , all of which occurred before the introduction of the total urogenital mobilization .
Complications included vaginal stricture or atresia in 17 , urethral strictures in 6 , and urethro - vaginal fistula in 19 , all of which occurred before the introduction of the total urogenital mobilization .
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