Surgical epicardial left atrial appendage closure:A true alternative.


Left atrial appendage closure was originally described by Madden in 1949 who was the first to perform appendix amputation. This was a very invasive procedure with poor outcome, but preformed for stroke prevention. Much later, it was James Cox whom described the Cox-Maze procedure, which included multiple incisions to create a maze like pathway for the… (More)
DOI: 10.4022/jafib.1655


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