Surgical decision making for stage IV adult acquired flatfoot disorder.


Adult acquired flatfoot deformity is a debilitating musculoskeletal condition affecting the lower extremity. Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is the primary etiology for the development of a flatfoot deformity in an adult. PTTD is classified into 4 stages (with stage IV subdivided into stage IV-A and IV-B). This classification is described in… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.cpm.2014.03.001

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