Surgical anatomy of the internal thoracic artery.

  title={Surgical anatomy of the internal thoracic artery.},
  author={J A Henriquez-Pino and Walter J. Gomes and Jos{\'e} Carlos Prates and Enio Buffolo},
  journal={The Annals of thoracic surgery},
  volume={64 4},
BACKGROUND The internal thoracic artery (ITA) has become increasingly important in coronary artery bypass grafting due to the excellent long-term results. This study reviews its anatomic characteristics. METHODS The ITAs of 100 cadavers were examined and their origin, relation to the phrenic nerve, presence of lateral costal branch; origin of pericardiacophrenic arteries, length, level and type of ITA termination, relation with the transverse muscle of thorax, collateral parietal branches… CONTINUE READING
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