Surgery of the Mind and Mood: A Mosaic of Issues in Time and Evolution

@article{Heller2006SurgeryOT,
  title={Surgery of the Mind and Mood: A Mosaic of Issues in Time and Evolution},
  author={A. Chris Heller and Arun Paul Amar and Charles Y. Liu and Michael L. J. Apuzzo},
  journal={Neurosurgery},
  year={2006},
  volume={59},
  pages={720-739}
}
The prevalence and economic burden of neuropsychiatric disease are enormous. The surgical treatment of these psychiatric disorders, although potentially valuable, remains one of the most controversial subjects in medicine, as its concept and potential reality raises thorny issues of moral, ethical, and socioeconomic consequence.This article traces the roots of concept and surgical efforts in this turbulent area from prehistory to the 21st century. The details of the late 19th and 20th century… 
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