Surgery for Low Back Pain: A Review of the Evidence for an American Pain Society Clinical Practice Guideline

@article{Chou2009SurgeryFL,
  title={Surgery for Low Back Pain: A Review of the Evidence for an American Pain Society Clinical Practice Guideline},
  author={R. Chou and J. Baisden and E. Carragee and D. Resnick and W. Shaffer and J. Loeser},
  journal={Spine},
  year={2009},
  volume={34},
  pages={1094-1109}
}
Study Design. Systematic review. Objective. To systematically assess benefits and harms of surgery for nonradicular back pain with common degenerative changes, radiculopathy with herniated lumbar disc, and symptomatic spinal stenosis. Summary of Background Data. Although back surgery rates continue to increase, there is uncertainty or controversy about utility of back surgery for various conditions. Methods. Electronic database searches on Ovid MEDLINE and the Cochrane databases were conducted… Expand

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Surgical versus non-surgical treatment of chronic low back pain: a meta-analysis of randomised trials
Surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylosis.
Outcome Measures for Low Back Pain Research: A Proposal for Standardized Use
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