Surgery for Low Back Pain: A Review of the Evidence for an American Pain Society Clinical Practice Guideline

@article{Chou2009SurgeryFL,
  title={Surgery for Low Back Pain: A Review of the Evidence for an American Pain Society Clinical Practice Guideline},
  author={Roger Chou and Jamie Baisden and Eugene J. Carragee and Daniel K Resnick and William O Shaffer and John D. Loeser},
  journal={Spine},
  year={2009},
  volume={34},
  pages={1094-1109}
}
Study Design. Systematic review. Objective. To systematically assess benefits and harms of surgery for nonradicular back pain with common degenerative changes, radiculopathy with herniated lumbar disc, and symptomatic spinal stenosis. Summary of Background Data. Although back surgery rates continue to increase, there is uncertainty or controversy about utility of back surgery for various conditions. Methods. Electronic database searches on Ovid MEDLINE and the Cochrane databases were conducted… 

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