Surface roughness of preparations for backscattered electron-scanning electron microscopy: the image differences and their Monte Carlo simulation.

Patterns and levels of mineralisation in the biological hard tissues have been studied using the backscattered electron (BSE) mode in the scanning electron microscope (SEM). To prevent gross topographic detail overwhelming changes in signal from composition, samples are embedded in polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and a flat block surface produced by polishing… (More)