Surface rippling of the lower left flank of the cow: mirror of ruminal motility.


A detailed description is given of 5 types of surface ripples occurring on the ventral part of the lateral abdominal region of the healthy dairy cow. Results of endoruminal palpation and concurrent visual observation of healthy cows which have permanent ruminal fistulae indicate that the more apparent ripples are due to the movements and changes in tension… (More)


  • Presentations referencing similar topics