Surface nanostructures by single highly charged ions.


It has recently been demonstrated that the impact of individual, slow but highly charged ions on various surfaces can induce surface modifications with nanometer dimensions. Generally, the size of these surface modifications (blisters, hillocks, craters or pits) increases dramatically with the potential energy of the highly charged ion, while the kinetic… (More)
DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/21/22/224012