Surface air temperature and its changes over the past 150 years

  title={Surface air temperature and its changes over the past 150 years},
  author={Philip D. Jones and Mark G. New and David E. Parker and Seelye Martin and Ignatius Rigor},
  journal={Reviews of Geophysics},
  pages={173 - 199}
We review the surface air temperature record of the past 150 years, considering the homogeneity of the basic data and the standard errors of estimation of the average hemispheric and global estimates. We present global fields of surface temperature change over the two 20‐year periods of greatest warming this century, 1925–1944 and 1978–1997. Over these periods, global temperatures rose by 0.37° and 0.32°C, respectively. The twentieth‐century warming has been accompanied by a decrease in those… 

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