Surface Modifications for Endosseous Dental Implants

@article{Parekh2012SurfaceMF,
  title={Surface Modifications for Endosseous Dental Implants},
  author={Radhika B Parekh and Omkar Shetty and Rubina Tabassum and Lanka Mahesh},
  journal={International Journal of Oral Implantology and Clinical Research},
  year={2012},
  volume={3},
  pages={116-121}
}
Since, the inception of the vast field of implantology in 1969, this method still remains a popular and reliable one for the replacement of missing teeth. Over the years designs by various researchers have been introduced as well as modifications to the surface of the titanium being used. Characteristics of titanium implant surfaces have been modified by additive methods (e.g. titanium plasma spray) to increase the surface area and provide a more complex surface macrotopography. Subtractive… 

Tables from this paper

Surface Modifications of Dental Implants: An Overview
Osseointegration is the key for long term success of endosseous dental implants. Implant surface properties like roughness, topography, energy and composition are the major surface features that
Chemical Etching of Dental Implant Material
In this article we dealt with the development of a new method of chemical etching on dental implant materials, Grade 2 and Grade 5 titanium. Certain process creates reproducible homogenous and
Current trends in dental implants
TLDR
The history and evolution of dental implants is provided, the types of implants that have been developed, and the parameters that are presently used in the design of the implants are described.
The Effects of Titanium Implant Surface Topography on Osseointegration: Literature Review
TLDR
The aim of this study was to consider the major claims made concerning the effects of titanium implant surface topography on osseointegration, and to improve the BIC and the mechanical properties of the enhanced interface.
Osseointegration and cell response on titanium implant surface treatments
TLDR
The ideal surface of a titanium implant should present a surface roughness of 1-2μm, have increased hydrophilicity and present a thick oxide layer, and lack of any cytotoxic contaminants in order to promote a favorable biologic environment.
Comparison of Removal Torques for Implants With Hydroxyapatite-Blasted and Sandblasted and Acid-Etched Surfaces
TLDR
There were no significant differences in the measures of osseointegration between hydroxyapatite-blasted and SLA implants, as well as between the control and experimental groups.
Stability and integration of laser sintered versus sandblast acid etched implants
  • A. El-Feky
  • Medicine, Materials Science
    Egyptian Dental Journal
  • 2021
TLDR
Both Lasertreated surface implants and sandblasted-acid etched surface implants have significant success rates with superior clinical and radiographic results of laser treated implants over acid etched implants after a follow up period up to 9 months.
Surface texture measurement for dental wear applications
The application of surface topography measurement and characterization within dental materials science is highly active and rapidly developing, in line with many modern industries. Surface
Computer aided design of customized zirconia dental implants with macro retentions: A review
TLDR
It can be conclude that zirconia ceramics are the much better alternative for gold standard dental biomaterial, titanium.
Effect of Ultraviolet Irradiation on Osseointegration of Dental Implants: A Comparative Histomorphometric Study in Canine Models
TLDR
The aim of this study was to determine the short- and long-term degree of osseointegration of dental implants according to UV irradiation using a histometric analysis in canine models and found no statistically significant differences in the mean IST values and in bone-to-implant contact (BIC) in all groups at 4 and 12 weeks.
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 48 REFERENCES
Titanium for Dental Applications (II): Implants with Roughened Surfaces
  • D. Buser
  • Medicine, Materials Science
  • 2001
TLDR
A breakthrough in oral rehabilitation is based on the concept of osseointegration first described by the two research groups of Branemark and Schroeder, which describes this biologic phenomenon as “direct bone deposition upon a titanium implant surface”.
Early endosseous integration enhanced by dual acid etching of titanium: a torque removal study in the rabbit.
TLDR
Comparing the torque resistance to removal of screw-shaped titanium implants having a dual acid-etched surface (Osseotite) with implants having either a machined surface, or a titanium plasma spray surface that exhibited a significantly more complex surface topography indicates that dual acid etching of titanium enhances early endosseous integration to a level which is comparable to that achieved by the topographically more complex TPS surfaces.
A comparison of endosseous dental implant surfaces.
TLDR
Evaluated publications of human clinical experiences evaluating implant use in patients revealed that predictably high success rates can be achieved for implants with both rough and smooth titanium surfaces and for hydroxyapatite-coated implants.
Surface modifications of dental implants.
  • C. Stanford
  • Materials Science
    Australian dental journal
  • 2008
TLDR
The impact of macro-retentive features which includes approaches to surface oxide modification, thread design, press-fit and sintered-bead technologies to increase predictability of outcomes are reviewed.
Surface treatments of titanium dental implants for rapid osseointegration.
Biomimetic dental implants--new ways to enhance osseointegration.
TLDR
The consensus at present is that the future of such materials lies in the socalled recombinant bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), which are shown to induce bone formation at compromised sites in a variety of experimental and clinical situations, and are currently being reviewed for safety by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Implant materials, designs, and surface topographies: their effect on osseointegration. A literature review.
TLDR
The different categories of dental implants and the parameters of their design were analyzed in relation to their effect and significance in the process of osseointegration.
Bone contact around acid-etched implants: a histological and histomorphometrical evaluation of two human-retrieved implants.
TLDR
Osseotite surface is prepared by a process of thermal dual etching with hydrochloric and sulfuric acid, which results in a clean, highly detailed surface texture devoid of entrapped foreign material and impurities, which seems to enhance fibrin attachment to the implant surface during the clotting process.
Dental implant materials. I. Some effects of preparative procedures on surface topography.
TLDR
The results of wettability studies indicated marked changes in surface energy corresponding to the different preparation methods, and differences in surface morphology were also observed that could have significant consequences on in vivo implant behaviour as mediated by tissue-implant interactions.
Materials Characteristics of Uncoated/Ceramic-Coated Implant Materials
  • W. Lacefield
  • Materials Science
    Advances in dental research
  • 1999
TLDR
The biocompatibility of dental implant materials is discussed in the context of both the mechanical characteristics of the materials and the type of surface presented to the surrounding tissues, which may offer some advantages over the conventional materials.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...