Surface Forces: Direct Measurement of Normal and Retarded van der Waals Forces

@article{Tabor1968SurfaceFD,
  title={Surface Forces: Direct Measurement of Normal and Retarded van der Waals Forces},
  author={David Tabor and R. H. S. Winterton},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1968},
  volume={219},
  pages={1120-1121}
}
Direct measurement of surface forces between mica sheets shows, for the first time, that normal van der Waals forces operate for separations less than 100 Å, retarded van der Waals forces for separations greater than 200 Å. 
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The influence of retardation on the energy of interaction between two neutral atoms is investigated by means of quantum electrodynamics. As a preliminary step, Part I contains a discussion of the
Zur Theorie und Systematik der Molekularkräfte
ZusammenfassungDie Molekularkräfte zerlegen sich in drei wesentlich verschiedene Bestandteile, von denen zwei, als Keesomscher Richteffekt und Debyescher Induktions-effekt, mutatis mutandis bereits