Surface-Exosphere-Magnetosphere System Of Mercury

  title={Surface-Exosphere-Magnetosphere System Of Mercury},
  author={Anna Milillo and Peter Wurz and Stefano Orsini and Dominique C. Delcourt and E. Kallio and Rosemary Margaret Killen and Helmut Lammer and Stefano Massetti and Alessandro Mura and Stanislav Barabash and Gabriele Cremonese and Ioannis A. Daglis and Elena De Angelis and Andrea Maria di Lellis and Stefano Livi and Valeria Mangano and Klaus Torkar},
  journal={Space Science Reviews},
Mercury is a poorly known planet, since the only space-based information comes from the three fly-bys performed in 1974 by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Ground-based observations also provided some interesting results, but they are particularly difficult to obtain due to the planet’s proximity to the Sun. Nevertheless, the fact that the planet’s orbit is so close to the Sun makes Mercury a particularly interesting subject for extreme environmental conditions. Among a number of crucial scientific… Expand
The BepiColombo mission: An outstanding tool for investigating the Hermean environment
Mercury possesses a weak, internal, global magnetic field that supports a small magnetosphere populated by charged particles originating from the solar wind, the planet’s exosphere and surfaceExpand
The BepiColombo mission: An outstanding tool for investigating the Hermean environment
Mercury possesses a weak, internal, global magnetic field that supports a small magnetosphere populated by charged particles originating from the solar wind, the planet's exosphere and surfaceExpand
MESSENGER: Exploring Mercury’s Magnetosphere
Abstract The MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) mission to Mercury offers our first opportunity to explore this planet’s miniature magnetosphere since the briefExpand
Magnetosphere–Exosphere–Surface Coupling at Mercury
Abstract Mercury’s environment is a complex system, resulting from the interaction between the solar wind, magnetosphere, exosphere and surface. A comprehensive description of its characteristicsExpand
Mio—First Comprehensive Exploration of Mercury’s Space Environment: Mission Overview
Mercury has a unique and complex space environment with its weak global magnetic field, intense solar wind, tenuous exosphere, and magnetospheric plasma particles. This complex system makes MercuryExpand
Investigating Mercury’s Environment with the Two-Spacecraft BepiColombo Mission
The ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission will provide simultaneous measurements from two spacecraft, offering an unprecedented opportunity to investigate magnetospheric and exospheric dynamics at Mercury asExpand
Dynamical evolution of sodium anisotropies in the exosphere of Mercury
Abstract Despite the recent MESSENGER measurements, the exosphere of Mercury, the tenuous collisionless cloud of gas surrounding the planet, still needs a comprehensive view of its generationExpand
Exosphere generation of the Moon investigated through a high-energy neutral detector
Observation of the lunar exosphere is a tool for remote sensing of the surface properties. The sources of this exosphere are related to the interactions of the lunar surface with the solar radiation,Expand
Modelling of Mercury’s surface composition and remote detection from the orbit with the BepiColombo Mercury Planetary Orbiter
It can be assumed that the composition of Mercury’s thin gas envelope (exosphere) is related to the composition of the planets crustal materials. If this relationship is true, then inferencesExpand
MERCURY In-flight calibration of the PHEBUS UV instrument and Monte Carlo modelling of the hydrogen exosphere
A unique feature of Mercury's space environment is its strongly coupled surface-exosphere-magnetosphere-solar wind system, which can be remotely monitored by space missions such as Mariner 10,Expand


Observations at the planet Mercury by the plasma electron experiment, Mariner 10
Plasma electron observations made on board Mariner 10 during its three encounters with the planet Mercury show that the planet interacts with the solar wind to form a bow shock and a permanentExpand
The surface‐bounded atmospheres of Mercury and the Moon
Surface-bounded exospheres have been detected at the Moon, Mercury, and Europa and almost certainly exist about other objects. Historically, the first of these systems to be observed was the lunarExpand
Monte-Carlo simulation of Mercury's exosphere
Abstract Because of its proximity to the Sun and its small size, Mercury has not been able to retain its atmosphere and only a thin exosphere surrounds the planet. The exospheric pressure at theExpand
Particle populations in Mercury's magnetosphere
Observations by Mariner 10 during its first and third flybys showed that Mercury possesses an intrinsic magnetic field resulting in a small magnetosphere that can keep the solar wind from directlyExpand
Ion acceleration processes in the Hermean and terrestrial magnetospheres
The magnetosphere of Mercury differs in several aspects from that of the other Earth-like planets in our solar system. For instance, the lack of a dense atmosphere and ionosphere implies a differentExpand
A quantitative model of the planetary Na + contribution to Mercury’s magnetosphere
Abstract. We examine the circulation of heavy ions of planetary origin within Mercury’s magnetosphere. Using single particle trajectory calculations, we focus on the dynamics of sodium ions, one ofExpand
Disturbances in Mercury's magnetosphere: Are the Mariner 10 “substorms” simply driven?
In addition to providing the first in situ evidence of a magnetosphere at Mercury, the first flyby by Mariner 10 inspired reports of Earth-like substorms. While the small scales at Mercury shouldExpand
A Bx-interconnected magnetosphere model for Mercury
Abstract The access of solar wind plasma to the surface of Mercury depends on the magnetic fields in the vicinity of the planet. We present the structure of the Hermean magnetosphere obtained by theExpand
Mapping of the cusp plasma precipitation on the surface of Mercury
The presence of a magnetosphere around Mercury plays a fundamental role on the way the solar wind plasma interacts with the planet. Since the observations suggest that Mercury should occupy a largeExpand
Mariner 10 observations of field-aligned currents at Mercury
Abstract The Mariner 10 observations firmly established the presence of a modest intrinsic magnetic field (M ∼ 300 nT RM3) at Mereury and a magnetosphere with much the same structure as that found atExpand