Supracostal approach in percutaneous nephrolithotomy: experience with 102 cases.

  title={Supracostal approach in percutaneous nephrolithotomy: experience with 102 cases.},
  author={Nitin Sudhakar Kekre and Ganesh Gopalakrishnan and Gagandeep Gupta and Bruno Abraham and Ena Sharma},
  journal={Journal of endourology},
  volume={15 8},
PURPOSE To assess retrospectively the safety and efficacy of the supracostal approach in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS Among 862 patients who underwent PCNL between April 1986 and December 1999, supracostal puncture was performed in 102. Their stones were either solitary (66.5%), multiple (15.7%), or staghorn (19.6%). Upper ureteral calculi were the commonest indication (32.4%). The interspace between the 11th and 12th ribs was used in all cases. After tract… CONTINUE READING
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