Suppression of FVIII inhibitor formation in hemophilic mice by delivery of transgene modified apoptotic fibroblasts.

Abstract

The development of inhibitory antibodies to factor VIII (FVIII) is currently the most significant complication of FVIII replacement therapy in the management of patients with severe hemophilia A. Immune tolerance protocols for the eradication of inhibitors require daily delivery of intravenous FVIII for at least 6 months and are unsuccessful in 20-40% of treated patients. We hypothesize that tolerance can be induced more efficiently and reliably by delivery of FVIII antigen within autologous apoptotic cells (ACs). In this study, we demonstrated suppression of the T cell and inhibitor responses to FVIII by infusion of FVIII expression vector modified apoptotic syngeneic fibroblasts in both naive and preimmunized hemophilia A mice. ACs without FVIII antigen exerted modest generalized immune suppression mediated by anti-inflammatory signals. However, FVIII expressing apoptotic syngeneic fibroblasts produced much stronger antigen-specific immune suppression. Mice treated with these fibroblasts generated CD4+ T cells that suppressed the immune response to FVIII after adoptive transfer into naive recipients and antigen-specific CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) that inhibited the proliferation of FVIII responsive effector T cells in vitro. These preclinical results demonstrate the potential for using FVIII vector modified autologous ACs to treat high-titer inhibitors in patients with hemophilia A.

DOI: 10.1038/mt.2009.209

Cite this paper

@article{Su2010SuppressionOF, title={Suppression of FVIII inhibitor formation in hemophilic mice by delivery of transgene modified apoptotic fibroblasts.}, author={Rui-jun Su and Angela Epp and Yvette E. Latchman and Doug Bolgiano and Steven W Pipe and Neil C. Josephson}, journal={Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy}, year={2010}, volume={18 1}, pages={214-22} }