Suppressing images of desire: Neural correlates of chocolate-related thoughts in high and low trait chocolate cravers

  title={Suppressing images of desire: Neural correlates of chocolate-related thoughts in high and low trait chocolate cravers},
  author={Stephan F. Miedl and Jens Blechert and Adrian Meule and Anna Richard and Frank H. Wilhelm},
Chocolate is the most often craved food in Western societies and many individuals try to resist its temptation due to weight concerns. Suppressing chocolate-related thoughts might, however, lead to paradoxical enhancements of these thoughts and this effect might be more pronounced in individuals with frequent chocolate cravings. In the current study, neural and cognitive correlates of chocolate thought suppression were investigated as a function of trait chocolate craving. Specifically, 20 high… 
6 Citations
More restriction, more overeating: conflict monitoring ability is impaired by food-thought suppression among restrained eaters.
The results showed that, compared to the control condition, after suppression of such thoughts, restrained eaters chose more high-calorie foods and displayed decreased activity in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex-an important region in charge of conflict monitoring.
Food cravings in everyday life: An EMA study on snack-related thoughts, cravings, and consumption
HCs are more prone to think about high-calorie snacks in their daily lives and to consume more snack foods when they experience intense cravings, which might be indicative of a heightened responding towards high-Calorie foods.
The Psychology of Food Cravings: the Role of Food Deprivation
  • A. Meule
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Current Nutrition Reports
  • 2020
Dieting’s bad reputation for increasing food cravings is only partially true as the relationship between food restriction and craving is more complex, suggesting that food deprivation can also facilitate extinction of conditioned food craving responses.
The dynamic nature of food reward processing in the brain
It is proposed that the neural response to food stimuli is dynamic, and in synchrony with the current motivational and cognitive state of an individual, and why multivariate approaches to functional MRI (fMRI) data-analysis may carry the field forward.
Twenty Years of the Food Cravings Questionnaires: a Comprehensive Review
  • A. Meule
  • Psychology
    Current Addiction Reports
  • 2020
Purpose of Review The Food Cravings Questionnaires (FCQs; Cepeda-Benito, Gleaves, Williams, & Erath, 2000) are among the most widely used instruments for measuring food cravings. In addition to the
The desire thinking questionnaire-Persian version (DTQ-P) and its association with addictive behaviors in individuals with alcohol use disorder, nicotine dependence, and problematic social media use.
Both the verbal perseveration and imaginal prefiguration components of the Persian version of the DTQ were found to predict addictive behaviors beyond demographic and clinical characteristics, negative affect, impulsiveness, and thought suppression.


Enhanced affective brain representations of chocolate in cravers vs. non‐cravers
This is the first study to show that there are differences between cravers and non‐cravers in their responses to the sensory components of a craved food in the orbitofrontal cortex, ventral striatum and pregenual cingulate cortex, and that in some of these regions the differences are related to the subjective pleasantness of the craved foods.
The craving stops before you feel it: neural correlates of chocolate craving during cue exposure with response prevention.
Results indicate that brain reward activation during CERP is linked to craving, at least for a short exposure, and that the decline in brain rewardactivation in the experimental group may be a precursor of a decrease in craving.
Suppressing thoughts about chocolate.
Both groups of participants showed greater performance, and hence earned more chocolate, in the suppression than control condition, and Behavioral control may follow many of the same ironic pathways traced by mental control.
A multidimensional ambivalence model of chocolate craving: construct validity and associations with chocolate consumption and disordered eating.
Results supported a three-factor model of chocolate craving incorporating approach and avoidance inclinations and feelings of guilt, which can be conceptualized as a net action disposition resulting from the relative strength of the competing processes underlying indulgence and restraint.
Fighting food temptations: The modulating effects of short-term cognitive reappraisal, suppression and up-regulation on mesocorticolimbic activity related to appetitive motivation
The results support the contention that appetitive motivation can be modulated by the application of short-term cognitive control strategies, and indicate that up-regulation increased food craving compared to the other two conditions.
Chocolate craving and liking
Based on correlational data, there is little evidence for a relation between addiction to chocolate or the pharmacological effects of chocolate and the liking for chocolate.
When and how do explicit measures of food craving predict implicit food evaluation? A moderated mediation model
Abstract Research findings about relationships between trait-like eating behaviors and implicit food evaluations have been inconsistent. This may be partially attributed to the state-dependent nature
Eating-related thought suppression in high and low disinhibitors.
  • K. Oliver, G. Huon
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The International journal of eating disorders
  • 2001
High disinhibitors are able to successfully suppress their thoughts about food and eating, at least across relatively short periods of time, however, there appears to be associated negative consequences.
Effects of thought suppression on eating behaviour in restrained and non-restrained eaters
Results indicated that restrained eater in the suppression condition consumed significantly more chocolate than restrained eaters in the expression or control condition and participants low on restraint ate statistically equivalent amounts in all three groups.
Comparing thought suppression and acceptance as coping techniques for food cravings.
It was found that participants in the defusion group ate significantly less chocolate during the taste test than other groups, however, no difference was found in the amount of chocolate eaten throughout the duration of the experiment.