Supporters, Followers, Fans, and Flaneurs

@article{Giulianotti2002SupportersFF,
  title={Supporters, Followers, Fans, and Flaneurs},
  author={Richard Giulianotti},
  journal={Journal of Sport \& Social Issues},
  year={2002},
  volume={26},
  pages={25 - 46}
}
  • R. Giulianotti
  • Published 1 February 2002
  • Education
  • Journal of Sport & Social Issues
World football (or soccer) has undergone an intensive hypercommodification over the past decade or so. This article examines the impact of this process on forms of spectator identification with top professional football clubs. Drawing upon previous analyses by Taylor and Critcher (on football) and the theories of Bryan Turner (on body culture), the article advances four ideal types of spectator identity: supporters, followers, fans, and flâneurs. The broad trend in sports identification is away… 

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