Supplemental vitamin D and calcium in the management of African Americans with heart failure having hypovitaminosis D.


INTRODUCTION A dyshomeostasis of macro- and micronutrients, including vitamin D and oxidative stress, are common pathophysiologic features in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). In African Americans (AA) with CHF, reductions in plasma 25(OH)D are of moderate-to-marked severity (<20 ng/mL) and may be accompanied by ionized hypocalcemia with… (More)
DOI: 10.1097/MAJ.0b013e3182058864

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