Superposition Model for the Zero-field Splitting b2 of Gd 3þ Ions in a-LiIO3 and LiNbO3 Crystals

  • Wen-Chen Zhenga, Shao-Yi Wua
  • Published 2002


The zero-field splitting of Gd3þ ions in a-LiIO3 and LiNbO3 crystals are studied by the superposition model. The zero-field splittings b2 for the trigonal Gd 3þ centers in both crystals are reasonably explained and the defect structures of these Gd3þ centers are obtained. These defect structures are consistent with the expectation based on the electrostatic… (More)


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